Also known as per stirpes, the right of representation refers to the premature death of a beneficiary. Specifically it describes what happens with their share if they have passed away before the distribution of their share. The descendants, then, of this beneficiary have the right to receive the asset or share.
For instance, let’s assume you left a share of your estate to your child which died before you. Let’s also assume that this child has children of their own. These children (your grandchildren) may have the right to claim the original share by right of representation.
See also: Heirs-at-law